Sarasvati Goddess

The Goddess Sarasvati: A Comprehensive Introduction the Goddess, Attributed Meanings, and how to Worship

Presenting You with a comprehensive guide on the Goddess Sarasvati, the Hindu deity of knowledge, arts, music, and wisdom. In this guide, I will delve deep into the history, mythology, symbolism, and worship of this divine feminine force.

Sarasvati Digital Art by Ajarn Spencer

History and Mythology

Sarasvati is one of the most revered goddesses in Hinduism, who has been worshipped since ancient times. Her origins can be traced back to the Rigveda, the oldest and most sacred text of Hinduism, where she is described as a river goddess. In later Vedic literature, she was transformed into a goddess of knowledge, arts, and wisdom. According to Hindu mythology, Sarasvati is the consort of Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe.


Sarasvati is often depicted as a beautiful and graceful woman, adorned with white garments and playing a veena (a stringed musical instrument) or holding a book and a lotus flower. Her white garments symbolize purity and wisdom, while the veena represents music and the lotus flower represents spiritual enlightenment. Sarasvati is also associated with the swan, which symbolizes grace and discernment.

Sarasvati Goddess of Musicians


Sarasvati is worshipped by millions of people around the world, especially in India, Nepal, and Indonesia. Her festival, known as Sarasvati Puja, is celebrated on the fifth day of Magha, a Hindu lunar month (usually in January or February). On this day, devotees offer prayers, flowers, sweets, and fruits to Sarasvati, and seek her blessings for knowledge, wisdom, and success in their endeavors. In some parts of India, children are initiated into the world of learning on this day, by writing their first letters or words.

Sarasvati is also worshipped by musicians, artists, and scholars, who seek her blessings for inspiration and creativity. Many schools and colleges in India have a Sarasvati temple or shrine on their premises, where students offer prayers before exams or important projects.


In conclusion, Sarasvati is a revered goddess in Hinduism, who represents knowledge, arts, music, and wisdom. Her origins can be traced back to the Rigveda, and she is often depicted as a beautiful and graceful woman, playing a veena or holding a book and a lotus flower. Her festival, Sarasvati Puja, is celebrated with great fervor in India and other countries, and is an important occasion for seeking her blessings for knowledge and wisdom.


Here are a few mantras for Sarasvati:

1. “Om Sarasvatyai Namah” – This mantra is a simple and powerful mantra that can be chanted to seek the blessings of Sarasvati.

2. “Om Aim Saraswathye Namaha” – This is a Sarasvati Beej mantra that is believed to enhance one’s creativity, knowledge, and wisdom.

3. “Ya Kundendu Tusharahara Dhavala” – This is a popular Sarasvati hymn that is recited by students and scholars seeking blessings for success in their studies.

4. “Saraswati Mahabhage, Vidye Kamalalochane” – This is a Sarasvati stotram that is chanted to invoke the blessings of Sarasvati for success in education and knowledge.

5. “Om Vageeshwaryai Namah” – This mantra is dedicated to the goddess of speech and knowledge and can be chanted to improve one’s communication skills and enhance mental abilities.